ABOUT THE BREED
The following paragraphs are excerpt translations of a publication by Prof. Dr. Kurt Kotrschal, Director of the Konrad Lorenz Research Station in Gruenau, Austria, Scientist and Former President of the Eurasier Club Austria.
What makes Eurasiers Unique ?
Eurasiers are robust dogs of medium size. Their fur, which can be easily taken care of, consists of a harsh top coat and a thick undercoat. Males can be between 23 -32 kilos at a shoulder height of 52 - 60 cm while females stay slightly smaller at about 18 - 26 kilos and 48 - 56 cm. Our beautiful and striking dogs eveloved from the conbination of three breeds:
German Wolfspitz, Chow, and Samoyed.
This hybrid origin and the fact that Eurasiers come in a whole variety of colors (grey/black, wolf-grey, red, reddish, solid black and black with markings) sometimes puzzles purebred dog fanciers. However, it is the diversitywhich makes the Eurasier special. It ensures that each individual puppy will develop into a unique personality in looks and character.Fortunately the positive characteristics of the three individual breeds developed. Therefore the excellent characteristics of Eurasiers are adaptability, intelligence, watchfulness, calmness, and poise. They are no barkers and they do not develop a hunting instinct. As a perfect family and companion dog the Eurasier is loving and tolerant with children, however, disinterested in strangers. Eurasiers are not kennel dogs and do not like to change their packs.
Eurasiers are easily trainable and pass obedience training without problem. They bring excellent results in agility and tracking, some are even avalanche search dogs. But the dog will always keep its own personality. A person who looks for absolute obedience should not adopt a Eurasier. If the training is playful, he will cooperate with a head held high and a raised tail - being solely responsible - as you could say. However, the sometimes head-strong males need the firm consistency of an understanding owner.
How the Eurasier Breed Evolved
A lot of pioneer work in breeding, responsible work in the breedin clubs, but also coincidence cleared the path to today’s robust and healthy dogs. In the thirties, Konrad Lorenz, had the red bitch “Stasi”, a result of a mating between Chow and German Shepherd. Due to her fascinating behavior, the famous natural scientist and researcher immortalized her in the book “Man meets dog”
The German Julius Wipfel who started the breed might have read the book. He himself owned a northern breed mix which fascinated him. Experimental breedings in the fifties and sixties with Chows and Wolfspitz resulted in the interesting but rough “Wolf-Chows”.
Only the cross breeding with a Samoyed gave the new breed elegance and a softer nature which makes it a good family dog. Due to the origin of the initial breeds (the Wolf-Spitz from Europe and the Chow and Samoyed from Asia) the new dog was called Eurasier.
With the recognition of the new breed by the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale), Standards Nr. 291 in 1973, the specific breeding started and reached todays amount of approximately 8,000 dogs in Germany, Switzerland, Finland, Italy, Spain, and Austria.
The initial attempt to reach the breed standard quickly by strong selection almost resulted in failure for the entire breed due to strong incest depression. The repeated use of dogs of the initial breed for cross-breeding and the consequent avoidance of incest breeding solved the problem. Today the Eurasiers are an example of healthy robustness.